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This page seeks to empower athletes, parents, and coaches through consumer-focused resources for special topics within sports, health, and strength and conditioning.

The links below will direct you to peer-reviewed research and other materials such as education programs, fact sheets, and position statements published by professional organizations.

Jump to Category

Youth and Adolescent Athletes

Anti-Doping & Supplements

Eating Disorders & Body Image

The Female Athlete

Long-term Athlete Development (LTAD) & Physical Literacy

Injury Prevention, Safety, & Welfare

Youth and Adolescent Athletes

  • American Academy of Pediatrics (2008). Strength training by children and adolescents.

  • Position statement by the American Academy of Pediatrics on the safety and efficacy of resistance training for youth and adolescents. Includes benefits, risks, and guidelines.

    Recommended for: athletes, parents, coaches, support personnel

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  • Hamill, B. P. (1994). Relative safety of weightlifting and weight training. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 8(1), 53-57.

  • Summarizes injury rate among school age athletes by sport per 100 participation hours.

    Recommended for: athletes, parents, coaches, support personnel

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  • Pierce, K., Brewer, C., Ramsey, M., Byrd, R., Sands, W. A., Stone, M. E., & Stone, M. H. (2008). Youth resistance training. Professional Strength and Conditioning, 10, 9-23.

  • Emphasizes the importance of psychological and physical developmental considerations in the practice of youth resistance training. Provides recommendations based upon developmental considerations, safety, and efficacy.

    Recommended for: coaches, support personnel

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  • Pierce, K., Byrd, R. J., & Stone, M. H. (2006). Position statement and literature review: Youth weightlifting. Olympic Coach, 18(3), 10-12.

  • Reviews scientific literature to provide recommendations on the training of youth athletes in the sport of weightlifting. Discusses the negative impact of alarmist reactions to youth resistance training and the lack of data to support such responses.

    Recommended for: parents, coaches, support personnel

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    Anti-Doping & Supplements

  • World Anti-Doping Agency (2013). The 2014 prohibited list.

  • Current classification and listing of prohibited substances and methods. (Web version can be found here: WADA Prohibited List.)

    Recommended for: athletes, parents, coaches, support personnel

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  • Global Drug Reference Online

  • Advises athletes and support personnel on the use of specific pharmaceutical products (e.g. prohibited status of product, recommendation for application for Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE)) according to the current World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) Prohibited List.

    Recommended for: athletes, parents, coaches, support personnel

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  • USADA Drug Reference Line (website)
  • Phone: (800) 233-0393

  • Provides assistance to athletes and support personnel for understanding the WADA Prohibited List. Individuals can receive answers to questions regarding the prohibited status of a substance and recommendation and advice for applying for TUE.

    Recommended for: athletes, parents, coaches, support personnel

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  • USADA High Risk List

  • List of dietary supplement products that have been implicated in a positive anti-doping test, contain an ingredient that appears on the WADA Prohibited List , or been analyzed and shown to contain a prohibited substance.

    Recommended for: athletes, parents, coaches, support personnel

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  • Supplement 411

  • Educational module to enhance consumer awareness and advise on the use, safety, and efficacy of dietary supplements.

    Recommended for: athletes, parents

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    Eating Disorders & Body Image

  • Academy for Eating Disorders (website)
  • Academy for Eating Disorders (AED) conducts research and provides information, resources, and education to improve the prevention and treatment of eating disorders. Overview of eating disorders, including their definitions and warning signs. Overview of treatment modalities (e.g. inpatient, outpatient, psychotherapy) and their role in a multidisciplinary approach.

    Recommended for: athletes, parents, coaches, support personnel

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  • National Eating Disorders Association (website)
  • National Eating Disorders Association (NEDA) provides information, resources, and educational materials for individuals, parents, athletes, coaches, and educators for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of eating disorders. Toolkits for parents, coaches, trainers, and other support personnel to recognize and prevent eating disorders; provides recommendations on intervention and support and resources to seek professional help.

    Recommended for: athletes, parents, coaches, support personnel

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  • National Collegiate Athletic Association (2009). Guideline 2f: Nutrition and athletic performance. Sports Medicine Handbook.

  • Guidelines published by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) on macronutrient intake, hydration, body composition/weight management, and eating disorders.

    Recommended for: athletes, coaches, support personnel

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    The Female Athlete

  • American College of Sports Medicine (2007). The female athlete triad.

  • Position stand of the American College of Sports Medicine detailing risk factors and effects of the female athlete triad—a condition of disordered eating, amenorrhea, and osteoporosis. Includes recommendations on screening, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment interventions.

    Recommended for: coaches, support personnel

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  • American College of Sports Medicine (2011). The female athlete triad.

  • Consumer fact sheet for the female athlete triad. Discusses risks, consequences, prevention, recognition, and treatment strategies.

    Recommended for: athletes, parents, coaches, support personnel

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    Long-term Athlete Development (LTAD) & Physical Literacy

  • LTAD Sport Models

  • LTAD sport models published by Canadian national sport federations. Models illustrate how to implement LTAD for sport-specific preparation and how each sport can serve a broader LTAD approach.

    Recommended for: coaches, support personnel

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  • Canadian Sport Centres (2011). Developing physical literacy: A guide for parents of children ages 0 to 12.

  • Establishes physical literacy as the foundation for LTAD and life-long physical activity. Introduces LTAD model and developmentally appropriate learning stages.

    Recommended for: parents, coaches, support personnel

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  • Canadian Sport Centres (2011). Figure 5: When and where children learn and practice fundamental movement skills. Developing physical literacy: A guide for parents of children ages 0 to 12, p. 11.

  • Depicts developmental timeline for fundamental movement skill acquisition. Also indicates appropriate settings for learning each skill.

    Recommended for: parents, coaches, support personnel

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  • Lloyd, R. S., & Oliver, J. L. (2012). The youth physical development model: A new approach to long-term athlete development. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 34(3), 61-72.

  • Critical review of the LTAD model. Supports alternative youth physical development (YPD) model. Provides evidence-based recommendations for periods of trainability of each fitness component.

    Recommended for: coaches

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    Injury Prevention, Safety, & Welfare

  • STOP Sports Injuries (website)

  • Sports Trauma and Overuse Prevention (STOP) Sports Injuries is a comprehensive educational initiative spearheaded by the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine (AOSSM). Consumer resources promoting youth sport participation while minimizing injury associated with youth sport participation.

    Recommended for: athletes, parents, coaches, support personnel

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  • STOP Sports Injuries (n.d.). Sport specific resources: Sport injury prevention.

  • Fact sheets for sport-specific injury risk, prevention, and treatment.

    Recommended for: athletes, parents, coaches, support personnel

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  • American Medical Society for Sports Medicine. (2014). [Overuse injuries & burnout in youth sports] [Infographic].

  • Infographic covering risk and prevention for burnout and overuse injuries in youth sports.

    Recommended for: athletes, parents, coaches, support personnel

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  • Concussion in Sports (website)

  • Educational materials and resources published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of concussions in youth, high school, collegiate, and professional sports.

    Recommended for: athletes, parents, coaches, support personnel

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  • Heads up: Concussion in Youth Sports (website)
  • Fact sheets published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of concussions in youth and high school sports.

    Recommended for: athletes, parents, coaches, support personnel

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